The implantation of the Republic resulted from the revolution organized by the Portuguese Republican Party that began on October 2, 1910, reaching its victory on October 5, 1910, when the constitutional monarchy was overthrown and the Republican Regime was implanted in Portugal.
What led to this movement were the subjugation of British colonial interests, the power of the church, the huge expenses of the royal family, the dictatorship of João Franco, the alternating system of the two ruling parties (the Regenerator Party and the Progressive Party) and the inability to keep up with the evolution of society and adapt to modernity. All these were factors that contributed to the erosion of the Portuguese monarchy.
After the army hesitated to fight about two thousand soldiers and revolting sailors between the 3rd and 4th of October 1910, the proclamation of the Republic was made at 9 am the following day, on the balcony of the Lisbon Town Hall.
After the revolution, a provisional government led by Teófilo Braga was installed, who led the country until the 1911 Constitution was approved, giving rise to the first Portuguese Republic.
In addition to the implantation of the Republic, the national symbols were also replaced, the National Anthem, the Portuguese Flag and the country’s currency.
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