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Best museums in Lisbon

Музеи Лиссабона — популярные достопримечательности, которые входят в обязательную программу посещения Лиссабона туристами. Богатое историческое наследие, уважительное и бережливое отношение жителей к своей истории делает отдых в Португалии интересным и познавательным. Места, расположенные на стыке народов, культур и традиций, — это всегда интересно и очень самобытно, и к Лиссабону это относится в полной мере. Стык континентов, стык традиций и религий, древнейшая европейская история и долгое мусульманское правление — сочетание таких сложных, интересных и не слишком-то схожих сфер сделало этот город уникальным, ярким и ни на что не похожим. И музеи Лиссабона этому доказательство. Здесь много неожиданного, много колоритно-самобытного и много классического одновременно. Есть и модернистские музеи с коллекциями современных стилей искусства, есть замечательный музей старинного искусства с огромной классической коллекцией, а есть уникальные музеи, отражающие региональную специфику, — самый интересный из них, пожалуй, музей азулежу. Ну и как обычно в европейских столицах, много музеев образовательных.

1. Музеи Лиссабона — Музей Азулежу (Museu Nacional do Azulejo).

Музей Азулежу

Один из важнейших музеев Лиссабона — музей керамической плитки азулежу. Создан в 1980 году, расположен в здании монастыря Матери Божьей (XVI век). Экспозиция рассказывает об истории изготовления и применения азулежу и предметов из керамики в Португалии начиная с XV века до наших дней. В Музее азулежу представлены коллекции португальской керамической плитки разных времен. Одним из самых ценных экспонатов считается панно, изображающее Лиссабон до землетрясения 1755 года. Кроме старинных экземпляров азулежу, здесь можно увидеть новые образцы, выполненные современными художниками. Время работы: 10:00 — 18:00 Последний вход в 17:30. Закрыто: по понедельникам, в Пасхальное воскресенье, 1 января, 1 мая и в Рождество (25 декабря). Стоимость: обычный билет — 5€, 65+ лет — 2.50€. Бесплатно — первое воскресенье каждого месяца (весь день). Адрес: Rua da Madre de Deus 4, Lisboa

2. Музеи Лиссабона — Национальный музей карет (Museu dos Сoches).

музей карет

Национальный музей карет в столице Португалии считается самым лучшим в мире. Его основная коллекция включает в себя так много редких и интересных карет, что такой на вид не слишком серьезный музей на самом деле уже многие годы остается одним из самых посещаемых в Лиссабоне. В музее собраны кареты практически со всей Европы (Португалии, Франции, Австрии, Италии, Испании) и подробно рассказывается про процесс их создания. Время работы: вт-вс, 10:00 — 18:00, последний вход в 17:30; закрыто: понедельники, 1 января, 1 мая, Пасхальное воскресенье, Рождество (25 декабря) Стоимость: обычный билет в музей — 6€; старое здание — 4€; комбинированный билет (музей + старое здание) — 8€; скидка 50% — 65+ лет, подростки 15-18 лет при посещении с родителями. Бесплатный вход: первое воскресенье каждого месяца (весь день), дети до 14 лет, держатели Lisboa Card Адрес: Avenida da Índia 136, 1300-300 Lisboa

Музеи Лиссабона — Национальный музей старинного искусства (Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga).

Национальный музей старинного искусства
Национальный музей старинного искусства в Лиссабоне — крупнейшая галерея Португалии, где собраны тысячи картин, скульптур, ювелирных украшений и даже антикварная мебель времен 14-19 веков. Богатая коллекция музея включает полотна таких известных художников, как Альбрехт Дюрер, Иероним Босх, Рафаэль, Диего Веласкес и других живописцев, чьи имена знакомы многим, даже далеким от искусства туристам. Время работы: вторник — 14:00 — 18:00; среда-воскресенье — 10:00 — 18:00; закрыто — понедельники, утро вторников, 1 января, Пасхальное воскресенье, 1 мая, 25 декабря Стоимость: обычный билет — 6€; скидка 50% — 65+ лет, подростки 15-18 лет при посещении с родителями. Бесплатный вход: первое воскресенье каждого месяца (весь день; за исключением временных экспозиций), дети до 14 лет, держатели Lisboa Card Адрес: Rua das Январяelas Verdes, 1249-017, Lisboa

Музеи Лиссабона — Музей Берарду (Museu Coleccão Berardo).

Музей Берарду

Admirers of modern art will be suitably impressed by the outstanding collection of paintings, drawings and sculpture housed in a gallery that constitutes the Berardo Collection. Named after a wealthy Portuguese entrepreneur, Joe Berardo, the private collection is on permanent display in a dedicated hall set within the Centro Cultural de Belém (CCB). Some of the most celebrated exponents of contemporary art are represented, and Berardo’s priceless stash includes works by Picasso, Miró, Dali, Bacon and Hockney. The collection is so comprehensive that the exhibition is rotated. However, visitors are usually regaled with treats such as Andy Warhol’s evocative Judy Garland and Roy Lichenstein’s dotty Interior with Restful Painting. Canvases by Portugal’s very own weird and wonderful Paulo Rego are often given an airing.
Date/time: Open every day from Monday to Sunday 10:00-19:00 (last admission: 18:30)
Price: To visit some of the temporary exhibitions it may be necessary to purchase a ticket.
Location: Centro Cultural de Belém, Praça do Império, 1449-003, Lisboa

5. Best museums in Lisbon — Museu da Electricidade.
Museu-da-Electricidade

A decommissioned early 20th-century electricity generating station has been transformed in to one of Lisbon’s most original and fascinating museums. The building itself is a beautiful example of industrial architecture, but it’s the interior that truly impresses. Visitors enter through the Low Pressure Boiler Room, the cathedral-like generating hall. The vintage machinery — steam turbines, furnaces, consoles and piping — is all original and imaginatively lit.
Date/time: Tuesday-Sunday 10:00 am — 06:00 pm
Price: Free
Location: Avenida Brasília (Edifício Central Tejo), Lisboa

6. Best museums in Lisbon — Fundação Calouste Gulbekian.
Image

The Museu Calouste Gulbenkian has one of the finest collections of art in Europe. There are over 6,000 individual pieces displayed here, exhibits that span over 4,000 years, from Antiquity to the 19th century. Incredibly, they all used to belong to one man, Armenian oil magnate Calouste Gulbenkian. On his death in 1955 the multi-millionaire bequeathed his entire estate to the nation. A foundation was established in his name, and a museum inaugurated in 1960 to house the vast inventory of priceless artefacts.
Date/time: Tuesday to Sunday between 10.00 am- 5.45 pm
Location: Av. de Berna, 45A, 1067-001 Lisboa
Price: 5€

7. Best museums in Lisbon — Museu do Fado.
Museu-do-Fado

In order to learn all there is to know about the history of this musical genre, its evolution, its influences on other forms of art (cinema included), major fado singers and composers, as well as in order to find out about the importance of the fado houses for the preservation and popularization of the celebrated traditional Portuguese songs, the Fado Museum is a destination not to be missed out. The collection sheltered by the museum is complemented by the documentation center which can be visited on appointment only. The museum also organizes live performances meant to entertain the guests and to illustrate the emotional depths thematically explored by fado.
Date/time: Every Day 10:00 am — 06:00 pm
Location: Largo do Chafariz de Dentro, N.º 1, 1100-139, Lisboa
Price: 5€

8. Best museums in Lisbon — MUDE — Museu do Design e da Moda.
Museu-do-Design-e-da-Moda

The Museu Design Moda is one of Lisbon’s more unusual museums in that it’s housed in a former bank. The interior of the financial institution was gutted to make way for a rotating collection of design and fashion classics, with the emphasis on vintage apparel. Some of the most illustrious names in haute couture from the 1950s and 1960s are represented, designers such as Coco Chanel and Yves Saint Laurent. Creations by savvy street fashionistas such as Mary Quant and Vivien Westwood are also given an airing, as is clothing by the likes of Paco Rabanne and Georgio Armani. The museum also showcases celebrated interior designers including Phillipe Starck and Charles and Ray Eames. There’s usually the odd surprise in store like the classic Italian scooter by Piaggio that looks as though it’s arrived straight out of La Dolca Vita.
Date/time: Tuesday to Sunday (10:00 am — 6:00 pm) closed Mondays
Location: Rua Augusta, 24, Lisboa
Price: Free

9. Best museums in Lisbon — Museu do Chiado.
Museu-do-Chiado

Tucked away in a quiet lane in Lisbon’s Chiado district, this absorbing museum is renowned for hosting some truly modern and innovative temporary exhibitions that provide an interesting contrast against the permanent collection of Portuguese art from the 19th century onwards. The building, a former warehouse, dates from the 1800s but a swanky makeover has seen the interior transformed into a stylish cultural space. The collection comprises painting and sculpture, the work of some of the country’s most influential artists. Pieces to look out for include the marvellous decorative panels by Jose de Almada Negreiros and O Grupo do Leão by Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro. Scattered amongst the displays are works by international artists, notably a portfolio of drawings by Rodin.
Date/time: Tuesday-Sunday 10:00 am — 06:00 pm
Location: Rua Serpa Pinto, 4 1200-444 Lisboa
Price: 4€.

10. Best museums in Lisbon — Fundação Oriente.
Fundação-Oriente

The Orient Museum’s permanent collection, exhibited under the banner ‘Portuguese Presence in Asia — Heritage. Memory. Collections’ brings together a rare and priceless cache of artefacts from Eastern Europe, the Far East and Indian subcontinent. Arranged according to their country of origin, each piece effectively traces the cultural links forged by Portugal with the Orient. Indeed, the influential Fundação Oriente is responsible for curating the exhibition. Visitors should seek out highlights such as the beautiful 17th-century Namban screen depicting Portuguese explorers arriving in Japan. Another standout exhibit is the enormous, intricately carved teak door found in India. Trimmed with bronze and iron, it’s believed to date from the 18th century. Other singular pieces include an exquisite child’s cradle from Macau shaped like a boat. And look out for the delicate silver alloy bracelets crafted in East Timor in the early part of the 20th century.
Location: Lisboa, Doca de Alcântara (Norte), Avenida Brasilia, Museu do Oriente.
Date/time: Tuesday to Sunday: 10:00-18.00. Friday: 10.00-22.00 (Free entry from 18.00 to 22.00) Closed: Monday, 1 January and 25 December.
Price: 6€

11. Best museums in Lisbon — Museu da Marinha.
Museu-da-Marinha

Anyone with a fascination for maritime history will certainly appreciate this engaging museum, which pays tribute to Portugal’s proud seafaring tradition. Housed in the west wing of the Jerónimos monastery, tours begin in the Discoveries Hall dedicated for the most part to the history of ship-building from mid-15th century onwards. The hall displays dozens of intricately detailed model ships displayed in glass cabinets. Of singular note is a terrestrial globe crafted by Willem Jansz Blaeu in 1645. The collection of astrolabes is the world’s largest. The main building also houses a seaplane, the «Santa Cruz», which made the first trans-South Atlantic flight in 1922.
Location: Lisboa, Praça do Imperio.
Date/time: Tuesday to Friday from 10.00 am to 5.00 pm
Price: 5€

12. Best museums in Lisbon — Museu Nacional de Arqueologia.
Museu-Nacional-de-Arqueologia

The museum’s collection is displayed in the nave and the apse of the convent, consisting of exhibits which piece out the history of Portugal, without claiming to offer a thorough approach. The collection is quite miscellaneous, in fact, but some of its highlights refer to the archaeological findings excavated from a fortress near Azambuja (these findings date back to 3,500 to 1,500 BC), to a series of royal Gothic tombs, a collection of azulejos (glazed tiles) and a statue allegedly rendering Afonso Henriques (a 12th century king of Portugal).
Location: Praça do Império (Mosteiro Dos Jerónimos)
Date/time: Wednesday to Sunday from 10.00 am to 6.00 pm and Tuesdays 2.00 pm to 6.00 pm
Price: 3.50€

13. Best museums in Lisbon — Museu da Marioneta de Lisboa.
Museu-da-Marioneta-de-Lisboa

This is a wonderful venue to visit for people of all ages, since the exhibits manage to fascinate both the grownups and, understandably enough, the little ones. The collection consists of more the 1,000 puppets gathered from Portugal, as well as from other countries: China, Indonesia, India, Italy, and New Zealand.
Location: Lisboa, Rua Esperança, 146.
Date/time: Wednesday to Sunday from 10.00 am to 1 pm and 2.00 pm to 6.00 pm
Price: 7.5€

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Лучшие музеи в Лиссабоне